接地极英语(接地极什么意思)

华峰博客 27

1. arise/ rise

Ⅰ. rise 升起、起来它表起床的意义时比get up正式 ,但不如get up 常用。如:

① The sunrisesin the east.

太阳从东方升起。

② The Chinese people haverisento their feet.

中国人民站起来了。

③ Herisesvery early. 他起床很早。

Ⅱ. arise 出现、发生。它虽然可表升起、起来、起床等意思,但现在一般不用于此义,特别是在口语中。如:

① A new problem hasarisen.

出现了一个新的问题。

② How did the quarrelarise?

争吵是怎样发生的?

2. arms/ weapon

Ⅰ. arms (pl) 武器着重指用于战争的具体的武器,如枪、炮等。 如:

① The black people there have taken uparmsto defend themselves.

那里的黑人已拿起武器自卫。

② The soldiers had plenty ofarmsand ammunition!

士兵们有充足的武器和弹药。

③ Lay down yourarms!放下(你们的)武器!

Ⅰ. weapon 武器单、复数形式都用。它意义比arms 广泛,除指用于战争的各种武器之外,还指虽然不是为战争而制造,但可以用作进攻或防守的器具。如:槌、石子等。此外,weapon还可以用于借喻。如:

① The atom bomb is aweaponof mass slaughter.

原子弹是一种大规模屠杀的武器。

② Look to yourweapons.当心你的武器。

③ A foreign language is aweaponin the struggle of life.

外国语是人生斗争的一种武器。

3. around/ round

Ⅰ. aroundround都可以用着前置词和副词。

Ⅱ. around 在……周围在周围循环地。表静止的位置。如:

① They sataroundthe table.

他们围绕桌子坐着。

② I found nobodyaround.

我发现周围没有一个人。

Ⅲ. round 环绕……周围、循环地表一种活动的状况。如:

① The earth movesroundthe sun.

地球绕着太阳转。

② A wheel goesround.

轮子旋转着。

[注]:这两个词现在可以通用,只是around 多用于美国,round多用于英国。

4. arrive/ reach/ get to

Ⅰ. arrive, reach, get to均有到达之意,意义基本相同,但arrive(in)/(at)reach,是正式用语,get to是通俗用词,常用于口语。

Ⅱ. arrive是不及物动词,表到达什么地点时,后面应接前置词in或at, 一般说,到达一个大地方常用in, 到达较小的地方常用at, 但这不绝对的。(与地点副词连用时当然不用任何前置词)如:

① Hearrived inBeijing yesterday.

② When hearrived atthe stop, the bus had left.

Ⅲ. reach是及物动词,后面直接跟表地点的名词。如:

When does the trainreachLondon?

Ⅳ. get to只是较口语化。接地点副词时不用to. 如:

① Hegot tothe shop at 5:00 o’clock this afternoon.

② When Igotthere, the film had been on for 5 minutes.

5. article/ essay/ composition

Ⅰ. article 文章、论文通常指记叙文或论文。如:

① Thearticleexplains how the machine works.

这篇文章说明了这部机器怎样开动的道理。

② There is anarticleon education in the paper.

报纸上有一篇论教育的文章。

Ⅱ. essay 文章、论文通常指文学上散文、随笔、杂文等;也指学术性论文。如:

① We shall read Lu Xun’sessays .

我们将读鲁迅的杂文。

② Can you write anessayin English?

你能用英文写一篇论文吗?

Ⅲ. composition 写作、作文。 尤指学习语文者为练习写作而做的作文。如:

① He is learningcomposition.

他在学习写作。

② The students were required to write acompositionin English.

要学生写一篇英语作文。

6. as soon as/ as early as/ as quickly as

Ⅰ.这三个词都有尽快、尽早之意。

Ⅱ. as soon as侧重于极短时间内。还表示一……就……之意,引导状语从句。如:

① I’ll return itas soon asI can.

我将尽快地把它还给你。

Ⅲ. as early as侧重于一天中的早晨或在限定的时间内再早点,以便能达到预期的目的。如:

① You should arrive thereas early asyou can.

你应尽早到达那里。

Ⅳ. as quickly as表做某事的速度非常之快或动作非常之敏捷。如:

① Please read the textas quickly asyou can.

请把课文尽快读一遍。

7. as soon as/ hardly…when/ no sooner…than

Ⅰ. 三者在意义上基本相同,都有一……就……,刚……就……,但它们各有其特点。

Ⅱ. as soon as最为普通,位置灵活,可在主句前,也可在其后。且可用作多种时态。如:

① As soon as I went in , Kate let out a cry of surprise.

我一进去,凯特就惊讶地叫了一声。

② I’ll tell him as soon as he comes back.

Ⅲ. hardly… when…的主句通常 用过去完成时,从句用一般过去时,when有时还可换成before.如:

① He had hardly finished his homework when the light went out.

他刚写完作业灯就灭了。

② Hardly had I come back when they began quarrelling.

我一回来他们就开始吵了起来。(hardly 提前时,句子需要倒装。)

Ⅳ. no sooner…than…句型中, no sooner一般只置于句首,所以主句有倒装形式。如:

No sooner had I known the news than I telephoned my mother. 我刚知道这个消息就打电话告诉了妈妈。

8. as well as/ as well

Ⅰ. as well as 也不仅…而且意同:not only … but also具有连词性。

① She is my friendas well asmy doctor.

他不仅是我的医生,也是我的朋友。

② Small townsas well asbig cities are being industrialized.

小城市与大城市一样都在迅速实现工业化。

Ⅱ. as well 也具有副词性。大致相当于also 或 too . 如:

He can speak Chinese as well.

9. as/ because/ for/ since

Ⅰ.这三个词都可以用作连词,表原因、理由但有区别:

Ⅱ. as 因为、既然表示的原因或理由是明显的。语意不如because强。当理由是明显的,或者被认为是已知的时,则以用as为好。如:

① As he was not well, I decided to go without him.

因为他身体不好,我决定独自去了。

② As it was getting very late, we soon turned back.

因为已很晚了, 我们很快就回来了。

③ As it is raining, you’d better take a taxi.

既然在下雨,你最好乘出租车。

Ⅲ. because 因为表直接而明确的原因或理由。即必然的困果关系。在这几个词中,它的语意最强。回答以why 引导的特殊疑问句时,只能用because. 注意:because 不可以与so 连用。如:

① He had to stay at home yesterday because he was ill.

昨天他只得呆在家里,因为他病了。

② I did it because they asked me to do it.

我之所以做这件事,是因为他请我做的。

③ ---Why can’t you do it now? --- Because I’m too busy.

Ⅳ. since既然比as 较为正式,说明为人所知的原因。语气比because 稍弱。

① Since light travels faster than sound, we see lightening before we hear the thunder.

因为光比声音传播得快,所以我们先看到闪电,后听到雷声。

② Since he can’t answer the question, you’d better ask someone.

既然他回答不了这个问题,你最好问别人吧。

③ Since you are busy, I’ll do it for you.既然你忙,我替你做吧。

Ⅴ. for 因为表原因或理由时,用以说明理由,只是解释性的。在这几个词中,它的语意最弱。它少用于口语中,也不用于句首。如:

① I asked her to stay to tea,forI had something to tell her.

我请她留下来喝茶,因为我有事要告诉她。

② We must get rid of carelessness,forit often leads to errors.

我们一定克服粗枝大叶的毛病,因为粗枝大叶常常差错。

③ It must have rained,forthe road is wet.

一定下雨了,因为路是湿的。

④ I must go now,formy sister is waiting for me.

现在我得走了,我姐姐在等我呢。

[注]:这几个词按语意的强弱来排,其顺序为:

because—→since—→(as)—→for

10. as/ when/ while

这三个词都可以用作连词,表时间关系, 但有区别:

Ⅰ. as 当(在)……时候往往可与when 或 while 通用,但它着重指主句和从句的动作或事情相并发生。如:

① I saw himashe was getting off the bus.

当下公共汽车的时候,我看见了他。

② Ashe walked on, he felt himself getting more and more tired.

他继续往前走的时候,感到越来越疲乏。

Ⅱ. when 当(在)……的时候主句和从句的动作或事情可以同时发生,也可以先后发生。

① It was rainingwhenwe arrived.

当我们到达的时候,正下着雨。

② Whenwe were at school, we went to the library every day.

我们在求学的时候,每天都到图书馆去。

Ⅲ. while 当(在)……的时候表主句的动作或事情发生在从句中的动作或事情的进展过程之中。从句通常为进行时态。它有时可与when通用,但它只能指一段时间(a period of time),而不能指一点时间(a point of time)如上面的第一个例子。又如:

Please don’t talk so loudwhileothers are working.

别人在工作的时候,请勿大声讲话。

WhileI am washing the floor, you can be cleaning the windows.

我洗地板时,你可以擦窗户。

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